Solutions to consider:
- Emergency Cortisone Injections
- Photodynamic Therapy
- Laser Genesis®
- Fractionated Carbon Dioxide Laser Resurfacing (CO2RE)
- Chemical Peels
Acne is an unsightly and often disfiguring skin disorder that is characterized by an inflammation of the skin glands and hair follicles. It is thought to be highly associated with changes in glandular structure and function during puberty. Can appear as a single or cluster of red bumps and it can be accompanied with varying degrees of swelling and pain when there is severe inflammation. Although is most prevalent on the face, can form on all parts of the body including the back, chest, shoulders, neck and buttocks. It often has negative social consequences including scarring and discoloration that can appear as a result of prolonged, widespread outbreaks or physical attempts to remove lesions.
What does acne look like?
Comes in a variety of forms but the most common are whiteheads or blackheads, also known as comedonal acne. Whiteheads and blackheads are pores that are filled with excessive oil and dead skin cells. As inflammation ensues, larger lesions such as pustules, nodules or cysts develop which can be very painful and disfiguring if left untreated.
What causes acne?
There is still debate among physicians regarding all the factors that contribute. Changes in glandular size and function and an excessive production of the hormone androgen during adolescence, however, are thought to be a prime cause of acne in teens and 20-somethings. With excessive oil production also comes the increased risk of clogged pores, follicles, and oil ducts, all of which can produce acne breakouts. There may also be a genetic factor.
How is acne treatment?
There are many effective acne treatment available but treatments do not work overnight! Despite the claims, it typically takes 6-8 weeks to see improvement. Topical antibiotics, salicylic acid, glycolic acid and retinoids are often prescribed. In cases of cystic acne and nodular acne, antibiotics can be given by mouth to decrease inflammation and kill bacteria. Birth control pills can assist in normalizing hormone levels, while Isotretinoin when taken by mouth is highly effective in more severe forms of acne. Many in office procedures can be done to improve skin tone, texture and acne scarring.